JEE Main Syllabus Free PDF Download Available
JEE Main Syllabus 2023 Free PDF:- The Syllabus for JEE Main 2023 is officially released by NTA. JEE is the most competitive exam, and getting to know the syllabus for each section of Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics is very crucial. The Syllabus of JEE gives you an idea of the important topics and the distribution of marks and insight into how to plan your preparation.
JEE Main 2023 aspirants can download the Latest JEE Main 2023 Syllabus to be aware of the chapters to learn.
Table of Contents
JEE Main 2023 Paper 1 Syllabus
The JEE Main syllabus is divided into two parts class 11th and class 12th, In simple words, JEE Main Syllabus contains 60% weightage from class 12th. And the remaining 40% weightage from grade 11th. These figures can also help you figure out & improve the areas of your strengths and weaknesses.
JEE Main Physics Syllabus PDF 2023
Students can check all the important JEE Main Physics Syllabus for 2023 & 2024 along with JEE Chapter Wise Weightage for Physics. You can also download the free Best Physics Book for IIT JEE.
|JEE Main Physics Syllabus|
|Unit 1: Physics And Measurement||No. of Topic|
|Important Topic: Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications||13|
|Unit 2: Kinematics|
|Important Topic: Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion||20|
|Unit 3: Laws Of Motion|
|Important Topic: Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces,||8|
|Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction||3|
|Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.||2|
|Unit 4: Work, Energy And Power|
|Important Topic: Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work energy theorem, power.||4|
|Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.||4|
|Unit 5: Rotational Motion|
|Important Topic: Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.||13|
|Unit 6: Gravitation|
|Important Topic: The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.||8|
|Unit 7: Properties of Solids And Liquids|
|Important Topic: Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.||34|
|Unit 8: Thermodynamics|
|Important Topic: Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.||9|
|Unit 9: Kinetic Theory Of Gases|
|Important Topic: Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro’s number.||11|
|Unit 10: Oscillations And Waves|
|Important Topic: Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance||14|
|Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound||11|
|Unit 11: Electrostatics|
|Important Topic: Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.||5|
|Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.||5|
|Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.||12|
|Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.||10|
|Unit 12: Current Electricity|
|Important Topic: Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm's law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.||11|
|Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoffs laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer - principle and its applications.||7|
|Unit 13: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism|
|Important Topic: Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.||4|
|Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.||5|
|Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances.||6|
|Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.||3|
|Unit 14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents|
|Important Topic: Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's law, induced emf and current; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.||13|
|Unit 15: Electromagnetic Waves|
|Important Topic: Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.||2|
|Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves.||3|
|Unit 16: Optics|
|Important Topic: Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.||8|
|Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens' principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle. Interference, Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.||11|
|Unit 17: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation|
|Important Topic: Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation, Davis son-Germer experiment.||5|
|Unit 18: Atoms and Nuclei|
|Important Topic: Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.||13|
|Unit 19: Electronic Devices|
|Important Topic: Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; 1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.||8|
|Unit 20: Communication Systems|
|Important Topic: Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).||7|
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus PDF 2023
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus consists of 3 subjects Physical Chemistry, Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. The given below table is the list of the Chemistry syllabus. You can also download the free Best Books for Chemistry IIT JEE 2023. Students can download the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus PDF from given below link.
|JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus|
|Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry||No. of Topics|
|Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory; Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound;
Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures,
S.I. Units, dimensional analysis; Laws of chemical combination: Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept,
molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae; Chemical equations and stoichiometry.
|Unit 2: States of Matter|
|Gaseous State:- Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws - Boyle's law, Charle's law, Graham's law of diffusion,
Avogadro's law, Dalton's law of partial pressure; Concept of Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation;
Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities;
Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor and van der Waals equation.
|Liquid State:- Properties of liquids - vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on
|Solid State:- Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline
solids (elementary idea); Bragg's Law and its applications; Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fee, bec
and hep lattices),voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; Electrical and
|Unit 3: Atomic Structure|
|Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect;
Spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of
the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie's
relationship,Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of
atom,its important features. Concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; Variation of t|/ and \|/2 with r
for Is and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their
significance;shapes of s, p and d - orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; Rules for filling electrons in
orbitals - aufbau principle, Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements,
extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
|Unit 4: Chemical Thermodynamics|
|Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of
|First law of thermodynamics - Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity;
Hess's law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization,
sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution.
|Second law of thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; AS of the universe and AG of the system as criteria for
spontaneity, AG"(Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant
|Unit 5: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure|
|Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds.||3|
|Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy||3|
|Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan's rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR)
theory and shapes of simple molecules..
|Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding:Valence bond theory - Its important features, concept of hybridization
involving s, p and d orbitals; Resonance.
|Molecular Orbital Theory - Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma
and pi-bonds,molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order,
bond length and bond energy.
|Unit 6: Solutions|
|Different methods for expressing concentration of solution - molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and
mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult's Law - Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure - composition,
plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions; Colliative properties of dilute solutions - relative lowering of vapour pressure,
depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using
colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van't Hoff factor and its significance.
|Unit 7: Equilibrium|
|Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium.Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid -liquid, liquid - gas
and solid - gas equilibria,Henry's law, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
|Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance,
significance of AG and AG" in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect
of catalyst; Le Chatelier's principle.
|Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius,
Bronsted - Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid - base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionizatio
constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect,hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of
sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.
|Unit 8: Redox Reactions and Electro-chemistry|
|Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number,
balancing of redox reactions.
|Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with
Kohlrausch's law and its applications.
|Electrochemical cells - Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard
electrode potential, half -cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement; Nernst equation and its
applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs' energy change; Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.
|Unit 9: Chemical Kinetics|
|Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst;
and complex reactions,order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms
of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half -lives, effect of temperature on the rate of reactions -Arrhenius
theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
|Unit 10: Surface Chemistry|
|Adsorption- Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids Freundlich
and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.
|Catalysis - Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.||3|
|Colloidal state- distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids -lyophilic,
lyophobic; multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids
- Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; Emulsions and their
|Unit 11: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties|
|Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements
atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.
|Unit 12: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals|
|Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; Steps involved in the extraction of metals -concentration, reduction
(chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe; Thermodynamic
and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.
|Unit 13: Hydrogen|
|Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; Physical and chemical properties of
water and heavy water; Structure, preparation, reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide; Classification of hydrides - ionic,
covalent and interstitial; Hydrogen as a fuel.
|Unit 14: S - Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)|
|Group -1 and 2 Elements - General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties
of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
|Preparation and properties of some important compounds - sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen
carbonate; Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement; Biological significance of Na, K, Mg
|Unit 15: p- Block Elements|
|Group -13 to Group 18 Elements- General Introduction: Electronic configurations and general trends in physical and chemical
properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.
|Groupwise study of the p - block elements Group -13- Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure,
properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride and alums.
|Group -14- Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride,
silicates, zeolites and silicones.
|Group -15- Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotropic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and
uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PC13, PCI,); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and
|Group -16 Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and
uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.
|Group -17- Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of
Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens.
|Group-18- Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.||2|
|Unit 16: d - and f - Block Elements|
|Transition Elements- General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of
the first row transition elements -physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic
behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of
K2 Cr, 07 and Kmn04.
|Inner Transition Elements, Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanide contraction.Actinides -Electronic
configuration and oxidation states.
|Unit 17: Co-Ordination Compounds|
|Introduction to co-ordination compounds, Werner's theory; ligands, co-ordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature
of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory,colour
and magnetic properties; Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological
|Unit 18: Environmental Chemistry|
|Environmental pollution - Atmospheric, water and soil.||1|
|Atmospheric pollution - Tropospheric and Stratospheric||1|
|Tropospheric pollutants - Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects
and prevention; Green house effect and Global warming; Acid rain;
|Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects and prevention.||2|
|Stratospheric pollution- Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer - its mechanism and effects.||2|
|Water Pollution - Major pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.||1|
|Soil pollution - Major pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention.||1|
|Strategies to control environmental pollution.||1|
|Unit 19: Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds|
|Purification - Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography - principles and their applications.||6|
|Qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens||4|
|Quantitative analysis (basic principles only)- Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.||6|
|Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.||2|
|Unit 20: Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry|
|Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules -hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on
functional groups: and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism - structural
|Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)- Covalent bond fission - Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations and carbanions;
stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
|Electronic displacement in a covalent bond- Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.||4|
|Common types of organic reactions- Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.||4|
|Unit 21: Hydrocarbons|
|Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.||5|
|Alkanes - Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.Alkenes -
Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides
(Markownikoff s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis and polymerization.
|Unit 22: Organic Compounds Containing Halogens|
|General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.Uses;
Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons and DDT.
|Unit 23: Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen|
|General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.- ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS AND ETHERS||4
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