Science section format is highly transparent and simple but is considered to be too tough for the young minds to tackle. Roughly you have less than a minute to answer the 40 each multi choice questions. In other words, the 35 minutes session is action-packed and nail-biting. Like reading ( and incidentally unlike Mathematics), you will have to answer the questions after going through a passage.
The passage has no fixed format; it could be graphs, charts, experiment notes or even controversial thesis by scientists. Each passage will about six multiple choice questions. Essentially your skill to understand scientific of the clear passage within the short span of time is the test. In other words your ability to conduct the natural science scenario to
- The reason
- Problem-solving skills
In the science section skills are tested, not specific facts or topics. A three years systematic training in the high school with one each biology and physical/earth science subject is needed. This would arm you enough with basic scientific terminologies.
Science test content could include
- Earth science
- Space sciences
Right from Ozone depletion, molecular biology, Chlorinated plastics, acid rains, cyclones, low pressure and Neutrino; well there is no dearth of topics you will see on those passages. But you are not expected to give scientific research or dissertations but the data representation, the research process, and conflicting hypotheses. All that you need is a scientifically inclined analytical mind.
Your background in biology, earth sciences, and chemistry plus your ability to read and interpret graphs and studies should help.The three different question types frequently seen in ACT science test are focusing on breaking down data and experiments
1. Data Representation (30-40% of Questions)
Your ability to read graphs, interpret data, and explain information presented in tables is what is called for.
2. Research Summaries (45-55% of Questions)
You have to interpret the design and results of experiments. Again, specific content knowledge isn't as important as knowledge of the scientific method and data collection. Check out this example question to see what we mean.
3. Conflicting Viewpoints (15-20% of Questions)
The final question type on the ACT science section tests your ability to understand, analyse, and compare alternate viewpoints or hypotheses. These questions will centre around a single situation or problem, and you will read two different viewpoints and compare the similarities and differences. Check out the example below.
If you can read and interpret graphs, charts, and tables, analyse differing opinions, and understand the scientific method and study design, you will do well in ACT science. This section tests your scientific skills, not your knowledge.